Tomlinson CA, Archer KR. Manual therapy and exercise to improve outcomes in patients with muscle tension dysphonia: a case series. Physical therapy. 2015 Jan;95(95). 117-28. PMID: 25256740 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC4295082
Muscle tension dysphonia (MTD), a common voice disorder that is not commonly referred for physical therapy intervention, is characterized by excessive muscle recruitment, resulting in incorrect vibratory patterns of vocal folds and an alteration in voice production. This case series was conducted to determine whether physical therapy including manual therapy, exercise, and stress management education would be beneficial to this population by reducing excess muscle tension.