Baxter P. Rogers, Ph.D.

Research Professor
Radiology & Radiological Sciences
Research Professor
Biomedical Engineering
Delivery Address
Medical Center North
1161 21st Avenue South, CCC-1118

Baxter Rogers, PhD, earned his MS and PhD in Medical Physics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and completed a Postdoctoral fellowship at Vanderbilt University. He joined the Vanderbilt faculty in 2006 and was appointed Research Associate Professor in 2012. Dr. Rogers is an author of more than 60 published articles. Dr. Rogers studies the structure and function of the brain. He is particularly interested in methods of measuring the timing of functional MRI signals and the correlations between them, and in applications of these methods to the study of neurological and mental disorders. He is currently involved in a series of studies of hippocampal structure and function in epilepsy and psychosis, using ultra high field MRI with new methods of measuring functional connectivity and statistical approaches appropriate for the large data sets involved. Recent methodological work includes understanding dynamic variation in functional connectivity over short time scales (minute to minute).

Section: Vanderbilt University Institute of Imaging Science


Morgan VL, Abou-Khalil B, Rogers BPEvolution of functional connectivity of brain networks and their dynamic interaction in temporal lobe epilepsyBrain Connect [print-electronic]. 2015 Feb; 5(1): 35-44. PMID: 24901036, PMCID: PMC4313394, DOI: 10.1089/brain.2014.0251, ISSN: 2158-0022.

Clauss JA, Avery SN, VanDerKlok RM, Rogers BP, Cowan RL, Benningfield MM, Blackford JU. Neurocircuitry underlying risk and resilience to social anxiety disorderDepress Anxiety [print-electronic]. 2014 Oct; 31(10): 822-33. PMID: 24753211, PMCID: PMC4314099, DOI: 10.1002/da.22265, ISSN: 1520-6394.

Mishra A, Rogers BP, Chen LM, Gore JC. Functional connectivity-based parcellation of amygdala using self-organized mapping: a data driven approachHum Brain Mapp [print-electronic]. 2014 Apr; 35(4): 1247-60. PMID: 23418140, PMCID: PMC3919874, DOI: 10.1002/hbm.22249, ISSN: 1097-0193.

Cascio CJ, Foss-Feig JH, Heacock J, Schauder KB, Loring WA, Rogers BP, Pryweller JR, Newsom CR, Cockhren J, Cao A, Bolton S. Affective neural response to restricted interests in autism spectrum disordersJ Child Psychol Psychiatry [print-electronic]. 2014; 55(2): 162-71. PMID: 24117668, PMCID: PMC3947089, DOI: 10.1111/jcpp.12147, ISSN: 1469-7610.

Shokouhi S, Claassen D, Kang H, Ding Z, Rogers B, Mishra A, Riddle WR, . Longitudinal progression of cognitive decline correlates with changes in the spatial pattern of brain 18F-FDG PETJ. Nucl. Med [print-electronic]. 2013 Sep; 54(9): 1564-9. PMID: 23864720, PMCID: PMC4134885, PII: jnumed.112.116137, DOI: 10.2967/jnumed.112.116137, ISSN: 1535-5667.

Katwal SB, Gore JC, Marois R, Rogers BPUnsupervised spatiotemporal analysis of fMRI data using graph-based visualizations of self-organizing mapsIEEE Trans Biomed Eng [print-electronic]. 2013 Sep; 60(9): 2472-83. PMID: 23613020, PMCID: PMC3919688, DOI: 10.1109/TBME.2013.2258344, ISSN: 1558-2531.

Katwal SB, Gore JC, Gatenby JC, Rogers BPMeasuring relative timings of brain activities using fMRINeuroimage [print-electronic]. 2013 Feb 2/1/2013; 66: 436-48. PMID: 23110880, PMCID: PMC3593774, PII: S1053-8119(12)01055-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.10.052, ISSN: 1095-9572.

Barry RL, Coaster M, Rogers BP, Newton AT, Moore J, Anderson AW, Zald DH, Gore JC. On the origins of signal variance in FMRI of the human midbrain at high fieldPLoS ONE [electronic-print]. 2013; 8(4): e62708. PMID: 23658643, PMCID: PMC3637217, PII: PONE-D-12-19148, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062708, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Gunther ML, Morandi A, Krauskopf E, Pandharipande P, Girard TD, Jackson JC, Thompson J, Shintani AK, Geevarghese S, Miller RR, Canonico A, Merkle K, Cannistraci CJ, Rogers BP, Gatenby JC, Heckers S, Gore JC, Hopkins RO, Ely EW, . The association between brain volumes, delirium duration, and cognitive outcomes in intensive care unit survivors: the VISIONS cohort magnetic resonance imaging study*Crit. Care Med. 2012 Jul; 40(7): 2022-32. PMID: 22710202, PMCID: PMC3697780, PII: 00003246-201207000-00003, DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0b013e318250acc0, ISSN: 1530-0293.

Morandi A, Rogers BP, Gunther ML, Merkle K, Pandharipande P, Girard TD, Jackson JC, Thompson J, Shintani AK, Geevarghese S, Miller RR, Canonico A, Cannistraci CJ, Gore JC, Ely EW, Hopkins RO, . The relationship between delirium duration, white matter integrity, and cognitive impairment in intensive care unit survivors as determined by diffusion tensor imaging: the VISIONS prospective cohort magnetic resonance imaging study*Crit. Care Med. 2012 Jul; 40(7): 2182-9. PMID: 22584766, PMCID: PMC3378755, DOI: 10.1097/CCM.0b013e318250acdc, ISSN: 1530-0293.

Di Iorio CR, Watkins TJ, Dietrich MS, Cao A, Blackford JU, Rogers B, Ansari MS, Baldwin RM, Li R, Kessler RM, Salomon RM, Benningfield M, Cowan RL. Evidence for chronically altered serotonin function in the cerebral cortex of female 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine polydrug usersArch. Gen. Psychiatry [print-electronic]. 2012 Apr; 69(4): 399-409. PMID: 22147810, PMCID: PMC3538835, PII: archgenpsychiatry.2011.156, DOI: 10.1001/archgenpsychiatry.2011.156, ISSN: 1538-3636.

Rogers BP, Parks MH, Nickel MK, Katwal SB, Martin PR. Reduced fronto-cerebellar functional connectivity in chronic alcoholic patientsAlcohol. Clin. Exp. Res [print-electronic]. 2012 Feb; 36(2): 294-301. PMID: 22085135, PMCID: PMC3268944, DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2011.01614.x, ISSN: 1530-0277.

Newton AT, Rogers BP, Gore JC, Morgan VL. Improving measurement of functional connectivity through decreasing partial volume effects at 7 TNeuroimage [print-electronic]. 2012 Feb 2/1/2012; 59(3): 2511-7. PMID: 21925611, PMCID: PMC3254819, PII: S1053-8119(11)01029-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.08.096, ISSN: 1095-9572.

Rogers BP, Sheffield JM, Luksik AS, Heckers S. Systematic Error in Hippocampal Volume Asymmetry Measurement is Minimal with a Manual Segmentation ProtocolFront Neurosci. 2012; 6: 179. PMID: 23248580, PMCID: PMC3521226, DOI: 10.3389/fnins.2012.00179, ISSN: 1662-453X.

Cascio CJ, Foss-Feig JH, Heacock JL, Newsom CR, Cowan RL, Benningfield MM, Rogers BP, Cao A. Response of neural reward regions to food cues in autism spectrum disordersJ Neurodev Disord. 2012; 4(1): 9. PMID: 22958533, PMCID: PMC3436657, PII: 1866-1955-4-9, DOI: 10.1186/1866-1955-4-9, ISSN: 1866-1955.

Chen L, Mishra A, Newton AT, Morgan VL, Stringer EA, Rogers BP, Gore JC. Fine-scale functional connectivity in somatosensory cortex revealed by high-resolution fMRIMagn Reson Imaging [print-electronic]. 2011 Dec; 29(10): 1330-7. PMID: 21982165, PMCID: PMC3285506, PII: S0730-725X(11)00280-3, DOI: 10.1016/j.mri.2011.08.001, ISSN: 1873-5894.

Coaster M, Rogers BP, Jones OD, Viscusi WK, Merkle KL, Zald DH, Gore JC. Variables influencing the neural correlates of perceived risk of physical harmCogn Affect Behav Neurosci. 2011 Dec; 11(4): 494-507. PMID: 21671045, PMCID: PMC3651895, DOI: 10.3758/s13415-011-0047-9, ISSN: 1531-135X.

Newton AT, Morgan VL, Rogers BP, Gore JC. Modulation of steady state functional connectivity in the default mode and working memory networks by cognitive loadHum Brain Mapp [print-electronic]. 2011 Oct; 32(10): 1649-59. PMID: 21077136, PMCID: PMC3116941, DOI: 10.1002/hbm.21138, ISSN: 1097-0193.

Morgan VL, Rogers BP, Sonmezturk HH, Gore JC, Abou-Khalil B. Cross hippocampal influence in mesial temporal lobe epilepsy measured with high temporal resolution functional magnetic resonance imagingEpilepsia [print-electronic]. 2011 Sep; 52(9): 1741-9. PMID: 21801166, PMCID: PMC4428312, DOI: 10.1111/j.1528-1167.2011.03196.x, ISSN: 1528-1167.

Woodward ND, Rogers B, Heckers S. Functional resting-state networks are differentially affected in schizophreniaSchizophr. Res [print-electronic]. 2011 Aug; 130(1-3): 86-93. PMID: 21458238, PMCID: PMC3139756, PII: S0920-9964(11)00157-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.schres.2011.03.010, ISSN: 1573-2509.

Salomon RM, Cowan RL, Rogers BP, Dietrich MS, Bauernfeind AL, Kessler RM, Gore JC. Time series fMRI measures detect changes in pontine raphé following acute tryptophan depletionPsychiatry Res [print-electronic]. 2011 Feb 2/28/2011; 191(2): 112-21. PMID: 21236648, PMCID: PMC3042244, PII: S0925-4927(10)00378-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.pscychresns.2010.10.007, ISSN: 0165-1781.

Rogers BP, Katwal SB, Morgan VL, Asplund CL, Gore JC. Functional MRI and multivariate autoregressive modelsMagn Reson Imaging [print-electronic]. 2010 Oct; 28(8): 1058-65. PMID: 20444566, PMCID: PMC2940955, PII: S0730-725X(10)00065-2, DOI: 10.1016/j.mri.2010.03.002, ISSN: 1873-5894.

Parks MH, Greenberg DS, Nickel MK, Dietrich MS, Rogers BP, Martin PR. Recruitment of additional brain regions to accomplish simple motor tasks in chronic alcohol-dependent patientsAlcohol. Clin. Exp. Res [print-electronic]. 2010 Jun; 34(6): 1098-109. PMID: 20374203, PII: ACER1186, DOI: 10.1111/j.1530-0277.2010.01186.x, ISSN: 1530-0277.

Rogers BP, Avery SN, Heckers S. Internal representation of hierarchical sequences involves the default networkBMC Neurosci. 2010; 11: 54. PMID: 20423509, PMCID: PMC2868853, PII: 1471-2202-11-54, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2202-11-54, ISSN: 1471-2202.

Davis N, Cannistraci CJ, Rogers BP, Gatenby JC, Fuchs LS, Anderson AW, Gore JC. The neural correlates of calculation ability in children: an fMRI studyMagn Reson Imaging [print-electronic]. 2009 Nov; 27(9): 1187-97. PMID: 19570639, PMCID: PMC2763038, PII: S0730-725X(09)00091-5, DOI: 10.1016/j.mri.2009.05.010, ISSN: 1873-5894.

Davis N, Cannistraci CJ, Rogers BP, Gatenby JC, Fuchs LS, Anderson AW, Gore JC. Aberrant functional activation in school age children at-risk for mathematical disability: a functional imaging study of simple arithmetic skillNeuropsychologia [print-electronic]. 2009 Oct; 47(12): 2470-9. PMID: 19410589, PMCID: PMC2712586, PII: S0028-3932(09)00196-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2009.04.024, ISSN: 1873-3514.

Dux PE, Tombu MN, Harrison S, Rogers BP, Tong F, Marois R. Training improves multitasking performance by increasing the speed of information processing in human prefrontal cortexNeuron. 2009 Jul 7/16/2009; 63(1): 127-38. PMID: 19607798, PMCID: PMC2713348, PII: S0896-6273(09)00458-9, DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2009.06.005, ISSN: 1097-4199.

Woodward ND, Waldie B, Rogers B, Tibbo P, Seres P, Purdon SE. Abnormal prefrontal cortical activity and connectivity during response selection in first episode psychosis, chronic schizophrenia, and unaffected siblings of individuals with schizophreniaSchizophr. Res. 2009 Apr; 109(1-3): 182-90. PMID: 19179050, PII: S0920-9964(08)00561-6, DOI: 10.1016/j.schres.2008.11.028, ISSN: 0920-9964.

Rogers BP, Gore JC. Empirical comparison of sources of variation for FMRI connectivity analysisPLoS ONE [print-electronic]. 2008; 3(11): e3708. PMID: 19002252, PMCID: PMC2577732, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0003708, ISSN: 1932-6203.

Rogers BP, Morgan VL, Newton AT, Gore JC. Assessing functional connectivity in the human brain by fMRIMagn Reson Imaging [print-electronic]. 2007 Dec; 25(10): 1347-57. PMID: 17499467, PMCID: PMC2169499, PII: S0730-725X(07)00223-8, DOI: 10.1016/j.mri.2007.03.007, ISSN: 0730-725X.

McMillan KM, Rogers BP, Koay CG, Laird AR, Price RR, Meyerand ME. An objective method for combining multi-parametric MRI datasets to characterize malignant tumorsMed Phys. 2007 Mar; 34(3): 1053-61. PMID: 17441252, ISSN: 0094-2405.

McMillan KM, Rogers BP, Field AS, Laird AR, Fine JP, Meyerand ME. Physiologic characterisation of glioblastoma multiforme using MRI-based hypoxia mapping, chemical shift imaging, perfusion and diffusion mapsJ Clin Neurosci. 2006 Oct; 13(8): 811-7. PMID: 16997706, PII: S0967-5868(06)00317-1, DOI: 10.1016/j.jocn.2005.12.025, ISSN: 0967-5868.

Blankenbaker DG, Haughton VM, Rogers BP, Meyerand ME, Fine JP. Axial rotation of the lumbar spinal motion segments correlated with concordant pain on discography: a preliminary studyAJR Am J Roentgenol. 2006 Mar; 186(3): 795-9. PMID: 16498109, PII: 186/3/795, DOI: 10.2214/AJR.04.1629, ISSN: 0361-803X.

Rogers B, Wiese S, Blankenbaker D, Meyerand E, Haughton V. Accuracy of an automated method to measure rotations of vertebrae from computerized tomography dataSpine. 2005 Mar 3/15/2005; 30(6): 694-6. PMID: 15770187, PII: 00007632-200503150-00018, ISSN: 1528-1159.

Rogers BP, Carew JD, Meyerand ME. Hemispheric asymmetry in supplementary motor area connectivity during unilateral finger movementsNeuroimage. 2004 Jun; 22(2): 855-9. PMID: 15193615, PII: S105381190400120X, DOI: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2004.02.027, ISSN: 1053-8119.

Laird AR, Rogers BP, Meyerand ME. Comparison of Fourier and wavelet resampling methodsMagn Reson Med. 2004 Feb; 51(2): 418-22. PMID: 14755671, DOI: 10.1002/mrm.10671, ISSN: 0740-3194.

Moritz CH, Rogers BP, Meyerand ME. Power spectrum ranked independent component analysis of a periodic fMRI complex motor paradigmHum Brain Mapp. 2003 Feb; 18(2): 111-22. PMID: 12518291, DOI: 10.1002/hbm.10081, ISSN: 1065-9471.

Rogers BP, Haughton VM, Arfanakis K, Meyerand ME. Application of image registration to measurement of intervertebral rotation in the lumbar spineMagn Reson Med. 2002 Dec; 48(6): 1072-5. PMID: 12465120, DOI: 10.1002/mrm.10319, ISSN: 0740-3194.

Arfanakis K, Hermann BP, Rogers BP, Carew JD, Seidenberg M, Meyerand ME. Diffusion tensor MRI in temporal lobe epilepsyMagn Reson Imaging. 2002 Sep; 20(7): 511-9. PMID: 12413596, PII: S0730725X0200509X, ISSN: 0730-725X.

Haughton VM, Rogers B, Meyerand ME, Resnick DK. Measuring the axial rotation of lumbar vertebrae in vivo with MR imagingAJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2002 Aug; 23(7): 1110-6. PMID: 12169466, ISSN: 0195-6108.

Laird AR, Rogers BP, Carew JD, Arfanakis K, Moritz CH, Meyerand ME. Characterizing instantaneous phase relationships in whole-brain fMRI activation dataHum Brain Mapp. 2002 Jun; 16(2): 71-80. PMID: 11954057, PII: 10.1002/hbm.10027, ISSN: 1065-9471.

Arfanakis K, Haughton VM, Carew JD, Rogers BP, Dempsey RJ, Meyerand ME. Diffusion tensor MR imaging in diffuse axonal injuryAJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2002 May; 23(5): 794-802. PMID: 12006280, ISSN: 0195-6108.

Baker, WM, Rogers, BP. The effects of non-spherical stellar mass distribution on orbital precession. Classical and Quantum Gravity. 1999; 16((4)): 1273.