Arthur C. Fleischer, M.D.

Radiology & Radiological Sciences
Obstetrics and Gynecology
Cornelius Vanderbilt Chair
Delivery Address
Medical Center North
1161 21st Avenue South, CCC-1118
(615) 343-8516
(615) 322-3529

Arthur C. Fleischer, MD, is the Cornelius Vanderbilt Professor of Radiology and Radiological Sciences and the Medical Director of Ultrasound. He is a fellow of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine, where he previously served on the Board of Governors, a member and fellow of the American College of Radiology and the Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound, and a member and former President of the Society for the Advancement of Women’s Imaging. Dr. Fleischer is the author of more than 240 papers and 24 books and currently serves as an Associate Editor for the Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine. He has received the Society of Radiologists in Ultrasound Larry Mack Award for Lifetime Achievement in 2018, a Lifetime Service Award from the American Board of Radiology in 2015, Distinguished Alumnus Award from The Medical College of Georgia in 2007, the Frank H. Boehm Award for Contribution to Continuing Medical Education by Vanderbilt University School of Medicine in 2005, and the CANDLE Award from the Vanderbilt School of Medicine in 2002 for medical student education.

Section: Ultrasound


Desai AA, Andreotti RF, Fleischer ACThe Sonographic Appearance of Ectopic Pregnancy After Treatment With MethotrexateUltrasound Q [print-electronic]. 2016 Jun 6/30/2016; PMID: 27367560, DOI: 10.1097/RUQ.0000000000000210, ISSN: 1536-0253.

Desai A, Fleischer AC, Wahab SA, New M, Smolinsky C, McKenna J, Andreotti R. Sonography of Responsive Versus Nonresponsive Ectopic PregnanciesJ Ultrasound Med [print-electronic]. 2016 Jun; 35(6): 1341-7. PMID: 27208202, PII: ultra.15.04008, DOI: 10.7863/ultra.15.04008, ISSN: 1550-9613.

Deng J, Dietrich MS, Ridner SH, Fleischer AC, Wells N, Murphy BA. Preliminary evaluation of reliability and validity of head and neck external lymphedema and fibrosis assessment criteriaEur J Oncol Nurs [print-electronic]. 2016 Jun; 22: 63-70. PMID: 27179894, PII: S1462-3889(16)30008-4, DOI: 10.1016/j.ejon.2016.02.001, ISSN: 1532-2122.

Korhonen K, Moore R, Lyshchik A, Fleischer ACParametric mapping of contrasted ovarian transvaginal sonographyUltrasound Q. 2015 Jun; 31(2): 117-23. PMID: 26002525, PMCID: PMC4443867, PII: 00013644-201506000-00007, DOI: 10.1097/RUQ.0000000000000125, ISSN: 1536-0253.

Fleischer AC, Niermann KJ, Donnelly EF, Yankeelov TE, Canniff KM, Hallahan DE, Rothenberg ME. Sonographic depiction of microvessel perfusion: principles and potentialJ Ultrasound Med. 2004 Nov; 23(11): 1499-506. PMID: 15498915, PII: 23/11/1499, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Donnelly EF, Grippo RJ, Black AS, Hallahan DE. Quantification of tumor vascularity with contrast-enhanced sonography: correlation with magnetic resonance imaging and fluorodeoxyglucose autoradiography in an implanted tumorJ Ultrasound Med. 2004 Jan; 23(1): 37-41. PMID: 14756351, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer ACColor Doppler sonography of uterine disordersUltrasound Q. 2003 Dec; 19(4): 179-89. PMID: 14730261, ISSN: 0894-8771.

Fleischer ACGynecologic sonography: past, present, and futureJ Ultrasound Med. 2003 Aug; 22(8): 759-63. PMID: 12901401, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Shappell HW. Color Doppler sonohysterography of endometrial polyps and submucosal fibroidsJ Ultrasound Med. 2003 Jun; 22(6): 601-4. PMID: 12795556, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Shappell HW, Parker LP, Hanemann CW. Color Doppler sonography of endometrial massesJ Ultrasound Med. 2002 Aug; 21(8): 861-5; quiz 867. PMID: 12164571, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer ACSonographic assessment of the morphology and vascularity of ovarian massesUltrasound Q. 2002 Jun; 18(2): 81-8. PMID: 12970605, ISSN: 0894-8771.

Muniz CJ, Fleischer AC, Donnelly EF, Mazer MJ. Three-dimensional color Doppler sonography and uterine artery arteriography of fibroids: assessment of changes in vascularity before and after embolizationJ Ultrasound Med. 2002 Feb; 21(2): 129-33. PMID: 11833868, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Donnelly EF, Geng L, Wojcicki WE, Fleischer AC, Hallahan DE. Quantified power Doppler US of tumor blood flow correlates with microscopic quantification of tumor blood vesselsRadiology. 2001 Apr; 219(1): 166-70. PMID: 11274552, DOI: 10.1148/radiology.219.1.r01ap38166, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Fleischer ACNew insights into transvaginal sonography of endometrial disordersUltrasound Q. 2001 Mar; 17(1): 11-9. PMID: 12973086, ISSN: 0894-8771.

Fleischer AC, Brader KR. Sonographic depiction of ovarian vascularity and flow: current improvements and future applicationsJ Ultrasound Med. 2001 Mar; 20(3): 241-50. PMID: 11270528, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer ACNew developments in the sonographic assessment of ovarian, uterine, and breast vascularitySemin. Ultrasound CT MR. 2001 Feb; 22(1): 42-9. PMID: 11300586, ISSN: 0887-2171.

Fleischer AC, Wheeler JE, Lindsay I, Hendrix SL, Grabill S, Kravitz B, MacDonald B. An assessment of the value of ultrasonographic screening for endometrial disease in postmenopausal women without symptomsAm. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 2001 Jan; 184(2): 70-5. PMID: 11174482, PII: S0002-9378(01)73958-0, DOI: 10.1067/mob.2001.111088, ISSN: 0002-9378.

Fleischer AC, Donnelly EF, Campbell MG, Mazer MJ, Grippo D, Lipsitz NL. Three-dimensional color Doppler sonography before and after fibroid embolizationJ Ultrasound Med. 2000 Oct; 19(10): 701-5. PMID: 11026583, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer ACSonographic depiction of tumor vascularity and flow: from in vivo models to clinical applicationsJ Ultrasound Med. 2000 Jan; 19(1): 55-61. PMID: 10625191, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer ACSonographic assessment of endometrial disordersSemin. Ultrasound CT MR. 1999 Aug; 20(4): 259-66. PMID: 10457566, ISSN: 0887-2171.

Fleischer AC, Wojcicki WE, Donnelly EF, Pickens DR, Thirsk G, Thurman GB, Hellerqvist CG. Quantified color Doppler sonography of tumor vascularity in an animal modelJ Ultrasound Med. 1999 Aug; 18(8): 547-51. PMID: 10447080, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Wheeler JE, Yeh IT, Kravitz B, Jensen C, MacDonald B. Sonographic assessment of the endometrium in osteopenic postmenopausal women treated with idoxifeneJ Ultrasound Med. 1999 Jul; 18(7): 503-12. PMID: 10400054, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Tait D, Mayo J, Burnett L, Simpson J. Sonographic features of ovarian remnantsJ Ultrasound Med. 1998 Sep; 17(9): 551-5. PMID: 9733172, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer ACTransvaginal sonography of endometrial disorders: an overviewRadiographics. 1998 Jul; 18(4): 923-30. PMID: 9672978, DOI: 10.1148/radiographics.18.4.9672978, ISSN: 0271-5333.

Wheeler TC, Fleischer ACComplex adnexal mass in pregnancy: predictive value of color Doppler sonographyJ Ultrasound Med. 1997 Jun; 16(6): 425-8. PMID: 9315188, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Vasquez JM, Cullinan JA, Eisenberg E. Sonohysterography combined with sonosalpingography: correlation with endoscopic findings in infertility patientsJ Ultrasound Med. 1997 Jun; 16(6): 381-4; quiz 385. PMID: 9315181, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Meyerowitz CB, Fleischer AC, Pickens DR, Thurman GB, Borowsky AD, Thirsk G, Hellerqvist CG. Quantification of tumor vascularity and flow with amplitude color Doppler sonography in an experimental model: preliminary resultsJ Ultrasound Med. 1996 Dec; 15(12): 827-33. PMID: 8947858, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fox DB, Bruner JP, Fleischer ACAmplitude-based color Doppler sonography of fetus with sacrococcygeal teratomaJ Ultrasound Med. 1996 Nov; 15(11): 785-7. PMID: 8908590, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Baumgartel PB, Fleischer AC, Cullinan JA, Bluth RF. Color Doppler sonography of tubal torsionUltrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1996 May; 7(5): 367-70. PMID: 8774106, DOI: 10.1046/j.1469-0705.1996.07050367.x, ISSN: 0960-7692.

Fleischer AC, Cullinan JA, Peery CV, Jones HW. Early detection of ovarian carcinoma with transvaginal color Doppler ultrasonographyAm. J. Obstet. Gynecol. 1996 Jan; 174(1 Pt 1): 101-6. PMID: 8571991, PII: S0002-9378(96)70380-0, ISSN: 0002-9378.

Fleischer AC, Cullinan JA, Jones HW, Page DL. Correlation of histomorphology of ovarian masses with color Doppler sonographyUltrasound Med Biol. 1996; 22(5): 555-9. PMID: 8865552, PII: 0301562996000439, ISSN: 0301-5629.

Fleischer AC, Stein SM, Cullinan JA, Warner MA. Color Doppler sonography of adnexal torsionJ Ultrasound Med. 1995 Jul; 14(7): 523-8. PMID: 7563300, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Cullinan JA, Fleischer AC, Kepple DM, Arnold AL. Sonohysterography: a technique for endometrial evaluationRadiographics. 1995 May; 15(3): 501-14; discussion 515. PMID: 7624559, DOI: 10.1148/radiographics.15.3.7624559, ISSN: 0271-5333.

Fleischer ACPelvic sonogramAJR Am J Roentgenol. 1995 Apr; 164(4): 1019. PMID: 7726015, DOI: 10.2214/ajr.164.4.7726015, ISSN: 0361-803X.

Fleischer AC, Burnett LS, Jones HW, Cullinan JA. Transrectal and transperineal sonography during guided intrauterine proceduresJ Ultrasound Med. 1995 Feb; 14(2): 135-8. PMID: 8568959, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Cullinan JA, Jones HW, Peery CV, Bluth RF, Kepple DM. Serial assessment of adnexal masses with transvaginal color Doppler sonographyUltrasound Med Biol. 1995; 21(4): 435-41. PMID: 7571136, PII: 0301562994001454, ISSN: 0301-5629.

Fleischer AC, Cullinan JA, Kepple DM, Williams LL. Conventional and color Doppler transvaginal sonography of pelvic masses: a comparison of relative histologic specificitiesJ Ultrasound Med. 1993 Dec; 12(12): 705-12. PMID: 8301708, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Rodgers WH, Kepple DM, Williams LL, Jones HW. Color Doppler sonography of ovarian masses: a multiparameter analysisJ Ultrasound Med. 1993 Jan; 12(1): 41-8. PMID: 8455220, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Fleischer AC, Rodgers WH, Kepple DM, Williams LL, Jones HW, Gross PR. Color Doppler sonography of benign and malignant ovarian massesRadiographics. 1992 Sep; 12(5): 879-85. PMID: 1529130, DOI: 10.1148/radiographics.12.5.1529130, ISSN: 0271-5333.

Fleischer AC, Kepple DM, Vasquez J. Conventional and color Doppler transvaginal sonography in gynecologic infertility. Current clinical applicationsRadiol. Clin. North Am. 1992 Jul; 30(4): 693-702. PMID: 1631278, ISSN: 0033-8389.

Williams LL, Fleischer AC, Jones HW. Transvaginal color Doppler sonography and CA-125 elevation in a patient with ovarian thecoma and ascitesGynecol. Oncol. 1992 Jul; 46(1): 115-8. PMID: 1321779, ISSN: 0090-8258.

Roussis P, Ball RH, Fleischer AC, Herbert CM. Cervical pregnancy. A case reportJ Reprod Med. 1992 May; 37(5): 479-81. PMID: 1507197, ISSN: 0024-7758.

Fleischer AC, Kepple DM. Transvaginal color duplex sonography: clinical potentials and limitationsSemin. Ultrasound CT MR. 1992 Feb; 13(1): 69-80. PMID: 1562351, ISSN: 0887-2171.

Fleischer AC, Rodgers WH, Rao BK, Kepple DM, Worrell JA, Williams L, Jones HW. Assessment of ovarian tumor vascularity with transvaginal color Doppler sonographyJ Ultrasound Med. 1991 Oct; 10(10): 563-8. PMID: 1942222, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Worrell JA, Fleischer AC, Kaufman AJ, Lind CD, Richards WO, Josephs LG, Arnold JH, Dietrich MS, Williams LF. Variation in the size and number of stone fragments after gallbladder lithotripsyJ Ultrasound Med. 1991 Sep; 10(9): 509-12. PMID: 1920594, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Stein SM, Neblett WW, Atkinson JB, Kirchner SG, Heller RM, Merrill WH, Fleischer ACPulmonary sequestration: diagnosis with color Doppler sonography and a new theory of associated hydrothoraxRadiology. 1991 Sep; 180(3): 817-21. PMID: 1871300, DOI: 10.1148/radiology.180.3.1871300, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Fleischer AC, Rogers WH, Rao BK, Kepple DM, Jones HW. Transvaginal color Doppler sonography of ovarian masses with pathological correlationUltrasound Obstet Gynecol. 1991 Jul 7/1/1991; 1(4): 275-8. PMID: 12797059, DOI: 10.1046/j.1469-0705.1991.01040275.x, ISSN: 0960-7692.

Fleischer ACTransabdominal and transvaginal sonography of ovarian massesClin Obstet Gynecol. 1991 Jun; 34(2): 433-42. PMID: 1868645, ISSN: 0009-9201.

Fleischer ACUltrasound imaging--2000: assessment of utero-ovarian blood flow with transvaginal color Doppler sonography; potential clinical applications in infertilityFertil. Steril. 1991 Apr; 55(4): 684-91. PMID: 2009994, ISSN: 0015-0282.

Hernanz-Schulman M, Fleischer ACNew applications of conventional and Doppler sonography in pediatricsCurr Opin Radiol. 1991 Apr; 3(2): 208-15. PMID: 2049269, ISSN: 1040-869X.

Jeanty P, Zaleski W, Fleischer ACPrenatal sonographic diagnosis of lipoma of the corpus callosum in a fetus with Goldenhar syndromeAm J Perinatol. 1991 Mar; 8(2): 89-90. PMID: 2006948, DOI: 10.1055/s-2007-999350, ISSN: 0735-1631.

Fleischer AC, Herbert CM, Hill GA, Kepple DM, Worrell JA. Transvaginal sonography of the endometrium during induced cyclesJ Ultrasound Med. 1991 Feb; 10(2): 93-5. PMID: 1902266, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Worrell JA, Fleischer AC, Drolshagen LF, Durmon GR, Shah DM. Duplex Doppler sonography of the umbilical arteries: predictive value in IUGR and correlation with birth weightUltrasound Med Biol. 1991; 17(3): 207-10. PMID: 1887505, ISSN: 0301-5629.

Fleischer ACNew applications of pelvic sonographyUrol Radiol. 1991; 13(1): 9-15. PMID: 1853512, ISSN: 0171-1091.

Gordon AN, Fleischer AC, Reed GW. Depth of myometrial invasion in endometrial cancer: preoperative assessment by transvaginal ultrasonographyGynecol. Oncol. 1990 Dec; 39(3): 321-7. PMID: 2258078, ISSN: 0090-8258.

Fleischer AC, Rao BK, Koch MO. New developments in transrectal sonography of the prostateCurr Opin Radiol. 1990 Dec; 2(6): 777-84. PMID: 2282253, ISSN: 1040-869X.

Fleischer AC, McKee MS, Gordon AN, Page DL, Kepple DM, Worrell JA, Jones HW, Burnett LS, James AE. Transvaginal sonography of postmenopausal ovaries with pathologic correlationJ Ultrasound Med. 1990 Nov; 9(11): 637-44. PMID: 2258995, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Jeanty P, Romero R, Kepple D, Stoney D, Coggins T, Fleischer ACPrenatal diagnoses in unilateral empty renal fossaJ Ultrasound Med. 1990 Nov; 9(11): 651-4. PMID: 2258997, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Worrell JA, Fleischer AC, Bruner JP. High-risk pregnancies benefit from DopplerDiagn Imaging (San Franc). 1990 Nov; 12(11): 164-7. PMID: 10149385, ISSN: 0194-2514.

Fleischer AC, Burnett LS, Murray MJ, Jones HW. Intraoperative guidance for intrauterine procedures with transrectal sonographyRadiology. 1990 Aug; 176(2): 576-7. PMID: 2195598, DOI: 10.1148/radiology.176.2.2195598, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Fleischer AC, Gordon AN, Entman SS, Kepple DM. Transvaginal scanning of the endometriumJ Clin Ultrasound. 1990 May; 18(4): 337-49. PMID: 2161003, ISSN: 0091-2751.

Rao BK, Fleischer ACSonography of the gastrointestinal tractCurr Opin Radiol. 1990 Apr; 2(2): 207-12. PMID: 2202389, ISSN: 1040-869X.

Worrell JA, Kepple DM, Fleischer ACUltrasound in obstetricsCurr Opin Radiol. 1990 Apr; 2(2): 177-87. PMID: 2202386, ISSN: 1040-869X.

Worrell JA, Drolshagen LF, Kelly TC, Hunton DW, Durmon GR, Fleischer ACGraded compression ultrasound in the diagnosis of appendicitis. A comparison of diagnostic criteriaJ Ultrasound Med. 1990 Mar; 9(3): 145-50. PMID: 2407861, ISSN: 0278-4297.

Boiskin I, Sandler MP, Fleischer AC, Nylander WA. Acute venous thrombosis after pancreas transplantation: diagnosis with duplex Doppler sonography and scintigraphyAJR Am J Roentgenol. 1990 Mar; 154(3): 529-31. PMID: 2106215, DOI: 10.2214/ajr.154.3.2106215, ISSN: 0361-803X.

Fleischer AC, Pennell RG, McKee MS, Worrell JA, Keefe B, Herbert CM, Hill GA, Cartwright PS, Kepple DM. Ectopic pregnancy: features at transvaginal sonographyRadiology. 1990 Feb; 174(2): 375-8. PMID: 1688662, DOI: 10.1148/radiology.174.2.1688662, ISSN: 0033-8419.

Fleischer AC, Herbert CM, Hill GA, Kepple DM. Transvaginal sonography: applications in infertilitySemin. Ultrasound CT MR. 1990 Feb; 11(1): 71-81. PMID: 2184868, ISSN: 0887-2171.

Fleischer AC, Hinton AA, Glick AD, Johnson HK. Duplex Doppler sonography of renal transplants. Correlation with histopathologyJ Ultrasound Med. 1989 Feb; 8(2): 89-94. PMID: 2651696, ISSN: 0278-4297.