• Cooper WO, Cheetham TC, Li DK, Stein CM, Callahan ST, Morgan TM, Shintani AK, Chen N, Griffin MR, Ray WA. Brief report: Risk of adverse fetal outcomes associated with immunosuppressive medications for chronic immune-mediated diseases in pregnancy. Arthritis & rheumatology (Hoboken, N.J.). 2014 Feb;66(2). 444-50. PMID: 24504818 [PubMed]. PMCID: PMC4077326. NIHMSID: NIHMS597798.


To assess the risk of adverse fetal outcomes following exposure to individual immunosuppressive drugs in pregnant women with chronic immune-mediated diseases.