Yang AJ, Coronado RA, Hoffecker L, Gao C, Saurwein K, Shoreman D, Hoffberg AS, Akuthota V. Conservative Care in Lumbar Spine Surgery Trials: A Descriptive Literature Review. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation. 2016 Aug 26. PMID: 27576191 [PubMed]
To evaluate the degree to which conservative care and failure was specifically defined in studies comparing non-operative treatment versus surgery for low back pain (LBP) conditions in adults.