- Braun ES, Crawford FW, Desai MM, Meek J, Kirley PD, Miller L, Anderson EJ, Oni O, Ryan P, Lynfield R, Bargsten M, Bennett NM, Lung KL, Thomas A, Mermel E, Lindegren ML, Schaffner W, Price A, Chaves SS. Obesity not associated with severity among hospitalized adults with seasonal influenza virus infection. Infection. 2015 Jul 7. PMID: 26148927 [PubMed].
We examined seasonal influenza severity [artificial ventilation, intensive care unit (ICU) admission, and radiographic-confirmed pneumonia] by weight category among adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed influenza. Using multivariate logistic regression models, we found no association between obesity or severe obesity and artificial ventilation or ICU admission; however, overweight and obese patients had decreased risk of pneumonia. Underweight was associated with pneumonia (adjusted odds ratio 1.31; 95 % confidence interval 1.04, 1.64).