Well-differentiated small intestine neuroendocrine tumors can give rise to mesenteric tumor deposits, which are not included in the current American Joint Committee on Cancer staging system for small intestine neuroendocrine tumors, and their impact on patient prognosis is unknown. Seventy-two small intestine neuroendocrine tumors resections were identified in our files with slides, reports, and follow-up data available. Cases were assessed for T-category and for the presence of mesenteric tumor deposits, lymph node metastases, lymphovascular invasion, and liver metastases. Mesenteric tumor deposits were defined as discrete mesenteric tumor nodules ≥1 mm with an irregular growth profile. Similar lesions clearly resulting from extranodal extension or direct contiguous spread by the primary lesion were excluded. Forty-three of the 72 cases had mesenteric tumor deposits (60%). The deposits were significantly associated with lymphovascular invasion (P=0.001), pT3 or pT4 disease (P=0.001), nodal metastases (P=0.040), and liver metastases (P