Kaur K, Acharya G, Chen H, Shannon CN, Lipscomb BE, Newman R, Zuckerwise LC. Impact of fetal trisomy 21 on umbilical artery Doppler indices. The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians. 2021 Sep 27. 1-8. PMID: 34570672 [PubMed]
Umbilical artery (UA) Doppler indices are surrogate measures of placental function, most commonly used to assess fetal wellbeing in pregnancies with fetal growth restriction. Fetuses with trisomy 21 (t21) are reported to have elevated UA Doppler indices, but reference percentiles are currently lacking for this population. We hypothesized that gestational age-specific values of UA Doppler indices in pregnancies complicated by t21 will be elevated compared to established percentiles based on euploid pregnancies. We aimed to assess UA Doppler indices longitudinally in fetuses with t21 in order to demonstrate Doppler patterns across gestation in this population, compare them with euploid fetuses, and investigate their association with pregnancy outcomes.