Patel SS, Ludmir J. Drugs for the Treatment and Prevention of Preterm Labor. Clinics in perinatology. 2019 Dec;46(46). 159-172. PMID: 31010553 [PubMed]
Preterm birth can be medically-indicated or spontaneous. Almost half of spontaneous preterm deliveries are preceded by preterm labor. Preterm labor is a clinical diagnosis characterized by regular uterine contractions (painful or painless) with concomitant cervical change. This article discusses the prevention and treatment of spontaneous preterm labor utilizing progesterone and tocolytic agents and provides management recommendations in patients with and without a history of prior spontaneous preterm birth.