Ex vivo 3D scanning and specimen mapping in anatomic pathology.


Structured light three-dimensional (3D) scanning is a ubiquitous mainstay of object inspection and quality control in industrial manufacturing, and has recently been integrated into various medical disciplines. Photorealistic 3D scans can readily be acquired from fresh or formalin-fixed tissue and have potential for use within anatomic pathology (AP) in a variety of scenarios, ranging from direct clinical care to documentation and education. Methods for scanning and post-processing of fresh surgical specimens rely on relatively low-cost and technically simple procedures. Here, we demonstrate potential use of 3D scanning in surgical pathology in the form of a mixed media pathology report with a novel post-scan virtual inking and marking technique to precisely demarcate areas of tissue sectioning and details of final tumor and margin status. We display a sample mixed-media pathology report (3D specimen map) which integrates 3D and conventional pathology reporting methods. Finally, we describe the potential utility of 3D specimen modeling in both didactic and experiential teaching of gross pathology lab procedures.