Angiocentric glioma mimicking encephalomalacia.


Angiocentric glioma is a rare low-grade neoplasm of the central nervous system which typically presents with medication-refractory seizures in children and young adults. On magnetic resonance imaging, angiocentric glioma is classically T1 hypointense and T2/FLAIR hyperintense. We present the case of a 40-year-old male who had been followed by our institution for 17 years for management of epilepsy. Initial and repeat brain imaging showed an apparent region of cystic encephalomalacia in the right frontal lobe. In an attempt to control his seizures, the lesion was resected. Grossly, the cut surface of the specimen was characterized by multiple small cystic spaces. Microscopically, the lesion was composed of an infiltrative population of glial cells variably arranged in perivascular "pseudorosettes," nodules, and subpial "palisades." The final diagnosis was angiocentric glioma. This is the second reported case of an angiocentric glioma mistaken for encephalomalacia.