Tikellis G, Dwyer T, Paltiel O, Phillips GS, Lemeshow S, Golding J, Northstone K, Boyd A, Olsen S, Ghantous A, Herceg Z, Ward MH, Håberg SE, Magnus P, Olsen J, Ström M, Mahabir S, Jones RR, Ponsonby AL, Clavel J, Charles MA, Trevathan E, Qian ZM, Maule MM, Qiu X, Hong YC, Brandalise S, Roman E, Wake M, He JR, Linet MS. The International Childhood Cancer Cohort Consortium (I4C): A research platform of prospective cohorts for studying the aetiology of childhood cancers. Paediatric and perinatal epidemiology. 2018 Nov;32(32). 568-583. PMID: 30466188 [PubMed]
Childhood cancer is a rare but leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Established risk factors, accounting for <10% of incidence, have been identified primarily from case-control studies. However, recall, selection and other potential biases impact interpretations particularly, for modest associations. A consortium of pregnancy and birth cohorts (I4C) was established to utilise prospective, pre-diagnostic exposure assessments and biological samples.