A single binding motif is required for SPAK activation of the Na-K-2Cl cotransporter.


SPAK (Ste20p-related proline alanine-rich kinase) phosphorylates and activates NKCC1 (Na-K-2Cl cotransporter) in the presence of another serine/threonine kinase WNK4 (With No lysine (K)). However, whether or not the docking of SPAK to NKCC1 is a requirement for cotransporter activation has not been fully resolved.