Flores B, Delpire E. Osmotic Response of Dorsal Root Ganglion Neurons Expressing Wild-Type and Mutant KCC3 Transporters. Cellular physiology and biochemistry : international journal of experimental cellular physiology, biochemistry, and pharmacology. 2020 Jun 8;54(54). 577-590. PMID: 32506846 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC7393635 NIHMSID: NIHMS1609691.
Loss-of-Function (LOF) of the potassium chloride cotransporter 3 (KCC3) results in hereditary sensorimotor neuropathy with Agenesis of the Corpus Callosum (HSMN/ACC). Our KCC3 knockout mouse recapitulated axonal swelling and tissue vacuolization observed in autopsies of individuals with HSMN/ACC. We previously documented the first human case of a KCC3 gain-of-function (GOF) in which the patient also exhibited severe peripheral neuropathy. Furthermore, the GOF mouse model exhibited shrunken axons implicating the cotransporter in cell volume homeostasis. It is unclear how both KCC3 LOF and GOF lead to peripheral neuropathy. Thus, we sought to study differences in cell volume regulation of dorsal root ganglion neurons isolated from different mouse lines.