Association of hippocampal volume polygenic predictor score with baseline and change in brain volumes and cognition among cognitively healthy older adults.


A high hippocampal volume polygenic predictor score (HV-PPS), computed based on GWAS summary statistics (n = 33,536), could be protective against declines in brain volume and cognition in older adults. Linear mixed-effects models with random intercepts and slopes were used to estimate associations of HV-PPS with baseline and annual rate of change in both brain volumes (n = 508) and cognitive performance (n = 1041) in Caucasian Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging participants. Higher HV-PPS was associated with greater baseline volumes of the hippocampus and parahippocampal gyrus, and slower rates of ventricular enlargement and volume loss in frontal and parietal white matter, all adjusted for intracranial volume. In addition, higher HV-PPS was associated with better executive function performance and slower rates of decline in verbal fluency scores over time. Individuals with a genetic predisposition toward larger hippocampal volumes show better baseline executive function, slower decline in verbal fluency performance, and slower rates of longitudinal brain atrophy.