Wolf RM, Hall M, Williams DJ, Carroll AR, Antoon JW, Brown CM, Herndon A, Kreth H, Lind C, Gastineau KAB, Spencer K, Ngo ML, Hart S, White L, Johnson DP. Pharmacologic restraint use for children experiencing mental health crises in pediatric hospitals. Journal of hospital medicine. 2023 Feb;18(18). 120-129. PMID: 36415909 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC9899307 NIHMSID: NIHMS1853851.
Children in mental health crises are increasingly admitted to children's hospitals awaiting inpatient psychiatric placement. During hospitalization, patients may exhibit acute agitation prompting pharmacologic restraint use.