Smith DC, Phillippi JC, Tilden EL, Lowe NK, Carlson NS, Neal JL, Blankstein Breman R. Comparing Cesarean Birth Utilization Between US Hospitals: A Demonstration of the Robson Ten-Group Classification System for Use in Quality Improvement and Benchmarking. The Journal of perinatal & neonatal nursing. 37(37). 214-222. PMID: 37494690 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC10372675 NIHMSID: NIHMS1808346.
The World Health Organization-endorsed Robson Ten-Group Classification System (TGCS) is a standard reporting mechanism for cesarean birth, yet this approach is not widely adopted in the United States.