Huntington disease

Cognitive and behavioral symptoms of Huntington disease, by Dr. Katherine McDonell - YouTube (also available at

The aim of this article was to determine which aspects of Huntington's disease (HD) are most important with regard to the health-related quality of life (HrQOL) of patients with this neurodegenerative disease. Seventy patients with HD participated in the study. Assessment comprised the Unified Huntington's Disease Rating Scale (UHDRS) motor, cognitive and functional capacity sections, and the Beck Depression inventory. Mental and physical HrQOL were assessed using summary scores of the SF-36. 

The independent and relative contributions of motor, cognitive, and behavioural deficits to functional decline in patients with Huntington's disease are examined. Twenty two patients with Huntington's disease were assessed with rating scales for motor dysfunction, cognitive measures of executive functions, and behavioural measures of apathy, executive dysfunction, and disinhibition. Their functional status was assessed with informant based and clinician based ratings of activities of daily living (ADL). 

Within the language domain, movement disorders triggered by frontostriatal damage are characterized by deficits in action verbs, motor-language coupling, and syntax. However, these impairments have not been jointly interpreted under a unifying rationale or integratively assessed in terms of possible clinical implications. To bridge these gaps, here we introduce the "disrupted motor grounding hypothesis", a new framework to conceive such impairments as disturbances of embodied mechanisms (high-order domains based on the recycling of functionally germane sensorimotor circuits).