Title: Improving Recovery after Orthopaedic Trauma: Cognitive-Behavioral Based Physical Therapy (CBPT) 

Funded by Department of Defense, PI: Archer, Vanderbilt        

CBPT Case Series

Each year, millions survive traumatic injuries and as a result are faced with life altering outcomes. Over 2.5 million individuals are hospitalized each year due to traumatic injuries. In addition, an analysis of over 16 million traumatic injury discharges from US hospitals between 2000 and 2011 revealed that majority were due to extremity fractures. The financial burden on the US health care system due to trauma is substantial accounting for over $55 billion in lifetime direct and indirect costs for civilians. Physical and psychological impairments resulting from traumatic injuries are often significant and impact employment and functional independence for the 40 to 50 years of remaining life.

This multi-center randomized controlled trial is a collaboration between Vanderbilt University Medical Center and the Major Extremity Trauma Rehabilitation Research Consortium to determine the efficacy of a psychologically informed rehabilitation program in service members and civilians following traumatic lower-extremity injury. This study aims to improve physical function outcomes and help patients return to normal activities. (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT03335657)

 

Title: MORE Resiliency in the Rehabilitation of Active Duty Service Members

Funded by Department of Defense, PI: Archer, Vanderbilt

Resiliency (i.e., the process of negotiating, managing, and adapting to a traumatic event) is an important concept that has received little attention in both the civilian and military orthopaedic trauma literature. Individuals with high resiliency are more likely to positively adapt when recovering from trauma. Therefore, it is critical that rehabilitation specialists identify individuals with low resiliency in order to improve outcomes after lower-extremity injury.

This prospective cohort study aims to develop and test a resiliency instrument that is relevant to active duty Service Members. This instrument has the potential to help physical therapists and other health care providers identify Service Members who could benefit from additional skills associated with resiliency (social skills, problem-solving, relaxation, positive coping).

http://news.vumc.org/2016/10/20/effort-aims-to-measure-resiliency-in-in…

 

Title: Improving Outcomes after Traumatic Injury: A Goal Management Approach (GMT)

Funded by National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research, PI: Archer, Vanderbilt                                                                            

Publications

The Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that traumatic brain injury (TBI) accounts for over 2.5 million emergency room visits, hospitalizations, and deaths. Cognitive rehabilitation, and more specifically Goal Management Training (GMT), has proven effective for patients with TBI. However, many patients with mild TBI go unidentified and experience prolonged and profound physical and psychsococial disability. 

This three group randomized controlled trial examined the effect of a telephone-based GMT program in trauma survivors with mild TBI. Patients were followed for 7 months after hospital discharge to assess cognitive functioning, functional status, and psychological health. (https://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01714531?term=GMT&cond=trauma&ra…)

 

Title: Effect of Early Weight Bearing on Rehabilitation Outcomes in Patients with Unicondylar Proximal Tibia Fractures and Bimalleolar Ankle Fractures

Funded by Department Of Defense, PI: Obremskey, Vanderbilt

Ankle fractures are common in the military's adult population and there is no consensus regarding the optimal time to weight bear after surgery. This two group randomized controlled trial (RCT) is comparing the effect of early and delayed weight bearing in patients with operatively treated ankle fractures. A smaller pilot RCT will be conducted alongside the larger definitive trial to determine the impact of early and delayed weight bearing in patients surgically treated for unicondylar plateau fractures. Patients will be followed for 12 months following definitive fracture fixation. The study will be conducted in collaboration with the Major Extremity Trauma and Rehabilitation Consortium (METRC) and its Coordinating Center at Johns Hopkins. Participants will be recruited from up to 16 civilian Level I trauma centers across the United States.