The Study of Respiratory Infections in Andean Communities

We investigated respiratory pathogens in a prospective cohort study of young children living in the Peruvian Andes. In the study we assessed viral respiratory infections among young children, and explored interactions of viruses with common respiratory bacteria, especially Streptococcus pneumoniae. Through weekly household visits, data were collected on the signs and symptoms of acute respiratory illness (ARI), nasal samples were collected to test for viruses during episodes of ARI, and nasopharyngeal samples were collected on a monthly basis to monitor bacterial colonisation. We also collected data on vaccination coverage, patterns of social mixing, geographic information, and environmental and socio-demographic variables. Understanding the interaction of respiratory viruses with bacteria and its impact on the burden and severity of ARIs in rural areas of developing countries is critical to designing strategies for preventing such infections. Investigators interested in more details about this study or in accessing these resources should contact Dr. Carlos G. Grijalva at Vanderbilt University. 

Carlos Grijalva [Email]
Health Policy

Cajamarca, Peru


Previous participant:
Andrew Wu

Program Type


Funding Type



Central and South America

Global Health Topics

Epidemiology, Infectious Diseases, Maternal and Child Health, Public Health, Poverty


Medical students (MD); Post-doctoral students, residents, or trainees

Program Length

3 to 6 months

VU Affiliation

The program is affiliated with Vanderbilt.


The program does have a language requirement (Spanish).