Lebov JF, Valladares E, Peña R, Peña EM, Sanoff SL, Cisneros EC, Colindres RE, Morgan DR, Hogan SL. A population-based study of prevalence and risk factors of chronic kidney disease in León, Nicaragua. Canadian journal of kidney health and disease. 2(2). 6 p. PMID: 25926994 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC4414463
Recent studies have shown an excess of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among younger adult males in the Pacific coastal region of Nicaragua and suggest a non-conventional CKD etiology in this region. These studies have been conducted in small, non-representative populations.