Koethe JR, Marseille E, Giganti MJ, Chi BH, Heimburger D, Stringer JS. Estimating the cost-effectiveness of nutrition supplementation for malnourished, HIV-infected adults starting antiretroviral therapy in a resource-constrained setting. Cost effectiveness and resource allocation : C/E. 12(12). 10 p. PMID: 24839400 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC4024113
Low body mass index (BMI) individuals starting antiretroviral therapy (ART) for HIV infection in sub-Saharan Africa have high rates of death and loss to follow-up in the first 6 months of treatment. Nutritional supplementation may improve health outcomes in this population, but the anticipated benefit of any intervention should be commensurate with the cost given resource limitations and the need to expand access to ART in the region.