Pettit AC, Jenkins CA, Blevins Peratikos M, Yotebieng M, Diero L, Do CD, Ross J, Veloso VG, Hawerlander D, Marcy O, Shepherd BE, Fenner L, Sterling TR. Directly observed therapy and risk of unfavourable tuberculosis treatment outcomes among an international cohort of people living with HIV in low- and middle-income countries. Journal of the International AIDS Society. 2019 Dec;22(22). e25423. PMID: 31814312 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC6900483
Identification of persons living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated tuberculosis (TB) at increased risk for unfavourable TB outcomes would inform efforts to improve such outcomes. We sought to identify factors associated with a decreased risk of unfavourable TB treatment outcomes among people living with HIV-infection (PLHIV) in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC), with a specific focus on directly observed therapy (DOT) compared with self-administered therapy (SAT) during the continuation phase of anti-TB therapy.