Research led by Vanderbilt investigators found nearly 40% of HIV-exposed infants in low‐ and middle‐income countries (LMIC) were not in care at 18 months of age or had died. Despite the availability and progress of HIV prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs which includes postpartum follow-up of HIV-positive mothers and their HIV-exposed infants, many infants do not remain engaged in early infant diagnosis (EID) services that are essential to optimal health outcomes.
In 2017, according to UNAIDS, more than 90% of HIV-positive pregnant women accessed antiretroviral (ART) medicines to prevent mother-to child transmission of HIV in Southern Africa, and recent research suggests access and adherence to ART remains high during pregnancy due in part to the scale up of national antenatal (ANC) and ART care clinics. Engagement in HIV care after delivery, however, can be challenging.
World Malaria Day 2017, observed on Tuesday, April 25, seeks to raise awareness and highlight the need to close the gap in access to malaria prevention tools. While the burden of disease continues to decline, efforts to improve access to interventions that prevent, diagnose and treat malaria are needed to reach the Sustainable Development Goals of malaria elimination by 2030, especially in sub-Saharan Africa where malaria is most prevalent.
2016 Publications (ordered by pub date) List of Core Faculty Tao J, Qian HZ, Kipp AM, Ruan Y, Shepherd BE, Amico KR, Shao Y, Lu H, Vermund SH. Effects of depression and anxiety on antiretroviral therapy adherence among newly diagnosed HIV-infected Chinese MSM. AIDS. 2017 Jan 28;31(3):401-406. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001287.
2016 Publications: January through October List of Core Faculty
Benjamin Andrews, M.D. and co-authors were recognized by the Global Emergency Medicine Literature Review Editorial Board (GEMLR) for a recent publication. The recognized publication is titled “Simplified severe sepsis protocol: a randomized controlled trial of modified early goal-directed therapy in Zambia.” Andrews provides clinical and research mentoring to Master of Medicine students at the University of Zambia.
The past decade has seen a dramatic rise in the number of physicians trained in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) emigrating to the United States, resulting in a “brain drain” on nations in the greatest need for affordable and accessible health care. This global dilemma is explored in the dissertation of Akhenaten Tankwanchi, a portion of which was published recently in PLOS Medicine.