The Latest News from VIGH

Featured Publication: Attrition of HIV-exposed infants from early infant diagnosis services in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Research led by Vanderbilt investigators found nearly 40% of HIV-exposed infants in low‐ and middle‐income countries (LMIC) were not in care at 18 months of age or had died. Despite the availability and progress of HIV prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs which includes postpartum follow-up of HIV-positive mothers and their HIV-exposed infants, many infants do not remain engaged in early infant diagnosis (EID) services that are essential to optimal health outcomes.

Featured Publication: Prevailing Gender Norms and Unanticipated Effects of a Sexual and Reproductive Health Intervention

Programs and interventions focused on reducing the risk of HIV and early pregnancy, improving school attendance, and empowering girls can have significant and powerful effects for adolescent girls. Simultaneously, these programs may have unanticipated effects that inhibit the program's success.

HIV-positive pregnant women at significant risk of loss to follow up from HIV Care after delivery in South Africa

In 2017, according to UNAIDS, more than 90% of HIV-positive pregnant women accessed antiretroviral (ART) medicines to prevent mother-to child transmission of HIV in Southern Africa, and recent research suggests access and adherence to ART remains high during pregnancy due in part to the scale up of national antenatal (ANC) and ART care clinics.  Engagement in HIV care after delivery, however, can be challenging.

Calling for improved HIV data systems on World AIDS Day

On World AIDS Day, The Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, published a blog post by Kate Clouse, Ph.D., MPH, VIGH core faculty. She calls for improved HIV data systems to provide quality care and ensure lifelong engagement in HIV care.

World Malaria Day Perspective: James Carlucci M.D.

World Malaria Day 2017, observed on Tuesday, April 25, seeks to raise awareness and highlight the need to close the gap in access to malaria prevention tools. While the burden of disease continues to decline, efforts to improve access to interventions that prevent, diagnose and treat malaria are needed to reach the Sustainable Development Goals of malaria elimination by 2030, especially in sub-Saharan Africa where malaria is most prevalent.

2016 Core Faculty Publications

2016 Publications (ordered by pub date) List of Core Faculty 
 
 Tao J, Qian HZ, Kipp AM, Ruan Y, Shepherd BE, Amico KR, Shao Y, Lu H, Vermund SH. Effects of depression and anxiety on antiretroviral therapy adherence among newly diagnosed HIV-infected Chinese MSM. AIDS. 2017 Jan 28;31(3):401-406. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000001287.

Vermund Blog Post: World AIDS Day Collection

To acknowledge World AIDS Day, 1 December 2016, a wide variety of papers published in Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene and International Health over the past two years is offered online. Editorial Board member, Professor Sten Vermund, introduces the collection:

Benjamin Andrews, M.D., and co-authors' publication recognized

Benjamin Andrews, M.D. and co-authors were recognized by the Global Emergency Medicine Literature Review Editorial Board (GEMLR) for a recent publication. The recognized publication is titled “Simplified severe sepsis protocol: a randomized controlled trial of modified early goal-directed therapy in Zambia.” Andrews provides clinical and research mentoring to Master of Medicine students at the University of Zambia.

VU Ph.D. student, Akhenaten Tankwanchi, explores the global dilemma of "brain drain in an era of increased globalization."

The past decade has seen a dramatic rise in the number of physicians trained in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) emigrating to the United States, resulting in a “brain drain” on nations in the greatest need for affordable and accessible health care. This global dilemma is explored in the dissertation of Akhenaten Tankwanchi, a portion of which was published recently in PLOS Medicine. 

Vanderbilt research developing new chemical against mosquitoes to eradicate malaria

Researchers are targeting a possible new weapon in the fight against malaria, science that could also be applied in the fight against other devastating mosquito-borne illnesses, according to a Vanderbilt study published in PLOS ONE. 

VIGH Faculty: Recent Publications

October 2012 Publications
 
 Philip Ciampa, M.D., M.P.H., Sten Vermund, M.D., Ph.D., Carolyn Audet, Ph.D. “Comprehensive Knowledge of HIV among Women in Rural Mozambique: Development and Validation of the HIV Knowledge 27 Scale.” in PLOS One.