Child Welfare


A. Rate of infants, 1 year of age in foster care per 1000 live births: authors’ analysis of the Adoption and Foster Care Analysis and Reporting System and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Natality data (

B. Rate of infants,1 year of age in foster care associated with parental substance use per 1000 live births. Parental substance use may be unreported in some states.

Visualization designed by CCHP Biostatistician Elizabeth McNeer