Hispanic patients receive disproportionately fewer kidney transplants (KT) than non-Hispanic White (NHW) patients. In this observational study, we evaluated disparities in completing evaluation steps to KT among Hispanic patients.


Using medical records of Hispanic and NHW patients initiating evaluation at 4 transplant centers from January 2011 to March 2020, we performed sequential Cox models to compare Hispanic versus NHW patients reaching each step of the evaluation process until receiving a KT.


Among all 5197 patients (Hispanic n = 2473; NHW n = 2724) initiating evaluation, Hispanic patients had 8% lower risk to be approved by the kidney pancreas (KP) committee than NHW patients (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 0.92; 95% confidence intervals (CI), 0.86-0.98; P = 0.015). Among 3492 patients approved by the KP committee, Hispanic patients had 13% lower risk to be waitlisted than NHW patients (aHR, 0.87; 95% CI, 0.81-0.94; P = 0.004). Among 3382 patients who were waitlisted, Hispanic patients had 11% lower risk than NHW patients to receive KT (aHR, 0.89; 95% CI, 0.81-0.97; P = 0.011). Among all patients initiating evaluation, Hispanic patients had a 16% lower risk than NHW patients to reach KT (aHR, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.76-0.92; P = 0.0002).


Our study found that disproportionately fewer Hispanic patients were approved by the KP committee, were waitlisted, and received a KT, particularly a living donor kidney transplant, than NHW patients. Closer oversight of the evaluation process may help patients overcome challenges in access to KT.