Kotloff KL, Shirley DT, Creech CB, Frey SE, Harrison CJ, Staat M, Anderson EJ, Dulkerian S, Thomsen IP, Al-Hosni M, Pahud BA, Bernstein DI, Yi J, Petrikin JE, Haberman B, Stephens K, Stephens I, Oler RE, Conrad TM. Mupirocin for Decolonization of Infants in Neonatal Intensive Care Units. Pediatrics. 2019 Dec;143(143). PMID: 30587533 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC6317770
: media-1vid110.1542/5849573989001PEDS-VA_2018-1565 BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: (SA) is the second leading cause of late-onset sepsis among infants in the NICU. Because colonization of nasal mucosa and/or skin frequently precedes invasive infection, decolonization strategies, such as mupirocin application, have been attempted to prevent clinical infection, but data supporting this approach in infants are limited. We conducted a phase 2 multicenter, open-label, randomized trial to assess the safety and efficacy of intranasal plus topical mupirocin in eradicating SA colonization in critically ill infants.