Wang A, Kubo J, Luo J, Desai M, Hedlin H, Henderson M, Chlebowski R, Tindle H, Chen C, Gomez S, Manson JE, Schwartz AG, Wactawski-Wende J, Cote M, Patel MI, Stefanick ML, Wakelee HA. Active and passive smoking in relation to lung cancer incidence in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study prospective cohort. Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology / ESMO. 2015 Jan;26(26). 221-30. Active and passive smoking in relation to lung cancer incidence in the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study prospectiv PMID: 25316260 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC4326306
Lung cancer is the leading cause of worldwide cancer deaths. While smoking is its leading risk factor, few prospective cohort studies have reported on the association of lung cancer with both active and passive smoking. This study aimed to determine the relationship between lung cancer incidence with both active and passive smoking (childhood, adult at home, and at work).