Grogan EL, Weinstein JJ, Deppen SA, Putnam JB, Nesbitt JC, Lambright ES, Walker RC, Dittus RS, Massion PP. Thoracic operations for pulmonary nodules are frequently not futile in patients with benign disease. Journal of thoracic oncology : official publication of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer. 2011 Oct;6(6). 1720-5. PMID: 21760552 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC3712870 NIHMSID: NIHMS388252.
Pulmonary nodules often require operative resection to obtain a diagnosis. However, 10 to 30% of operations result in a benign diagnosis. Our purpose was to determine whether negative thoracic operations are futile by describing the pathological diagnoses; determining new diagnoses and treatment changes initiated based on operative findings; and assessing morbidity, mortality, and cost of the procedure.