Meyer AR, Engevik AC, Willet SG, Williams JA, Zou Y, Massion PP, Mills JC, Choi E, Goldenring JR. Cystine/Glutamate Antiporter (xCT) Is Required for Chief Cell Plasticity After Gastric Injury. Cellular and molecular gastroenterology and hepatology. 8(8). 379-405. PMID: 31071489 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC6713894
Many differentiated epithelial cell types are able to reprogram in response to tissue damage. Although reprogramming represents an important physiological response to injury, the regulation of cellular plasticity is not well understood. Damage to the gastric epithelium initiates reprogramming of zymogenic chief cells into a metaplastic cell lineage known as spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia (SPEM). The present study seeks to identify the role of xCT, a cystine/glutamate antiporter, in chief cell reprogramming after gastric injury. We hypothesize that xCT-dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS) detoxification is required for the reprogramming of chief cells into SPEM.