Braun NA, Celada LJ, Herazo-Maya JD, Abraham S, Shaginurova G, Sevin CM, Grutters J, Culver DA, Dworski R, Sheller J, Massion PP, Polosukhin VV, Johnson JE, Kaminski N, Wilkes DS, Oswald-Richter KA, Drake WP. Blockade of the programmed death-1 pathway restores sarcoidosis CD4(+) T-cell proliferative capacity. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine. 2014 Sep 1;190(190). 560-71. PMID: 25073001 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC4214083
Effective therapeutic interventions for chronic, idiopathic lung diseases remain elusive. Normalized T-cell function is an important contributor to spontaneous resolution of pulmonary sarcoidosis. Up-regulation of inhibitor receptors, such as programmed death-1 (PD-1) and its ligand, PD-L1, are important inhibitors of T-cell function.