Kussrow AK, Kammer MN, Massion PP, Webster R, Bornhop DJ. Assay Performance of a Label-Free, Solution-Phase CYFRA 21-1 Determination. ACS omega. 2022 Sep 13;7(7). 31916-31923. PMID: 36120008 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC9476196
CYFRA 21.1, a cytokeratin fragment of epithelial origin, has long been a valuable blood-based biomarker. As with most biomarkers, the clinical diagnostic value of CYFRA 21.1 is dependent on the quantitative performance of the assay. Looking toward translation, it is shown here that a free-solution assay (FSA) coupled with a compensated interferometric reader (CIR) can be used to provide excellent analytical performance in quantifying CYFRA 21.1 in patient serum samples. This report focuses on the analytical performance of the high-sensitivity (hs)-CYFRA 21.1 assay in the context of quantifying the biomarker in two indeterminate pulmonary nodule (IPN) patient cohorts totaling 179 patients. Each of the ten assay calibrations consisted of 6 concentrations, each run as 7 replicates (e.g., 10 × 6 × 7 data points) and were performed on two different instruments by two different operators. Coefficients of variation (CVs) for the hs-CYFRA 21.1 analytical figures of merit, limit of quantification (LOQ) of ca. 60 pg/mL, , initial slope, probe-target binding affinity, and reproducibility of quantifying an unknown were found to range from 2.5 to 8.3%. Our results demonstrate the excellent performance of our FSA-CIR hs-CYFRA 21-1 assay and a proof of concept for potentially redefining the performance characteristics of this existing important candidate biomarker.