Aday AW, Kinlay S, Gerhard-Herman MD. Comparison of different exercise ankle pressure indices in the diagnosis of peripheral artery disease. Vascular medicine (London, England). 2018 Jul 1. 1358863X18781723. PMID: 29992854 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC6494702 NIHMSID: NIHMS1017773.
Although the resting ankle-brachial index (ABI) is commonly used as a tool to diagnose peripheral artery disease (PAD), several additional indices measured after exercise may have increased sensitivity for identifying PAD. The aim of this study was to determine the utility of resting ABI and three post-exercise physiological parameters for diagnosing PAD confirmed by arterial imaging studies. For each qualifying study, we assessed the performance measures for identifying PAD for resting ABI 20% with exercise, and a decrease in ankle pressure > 30 mmHg with exercise. Of the 199 exams that met our inclusion criteria, imaging showed a > 75% stenotic lesion in at least one limb in 138 (69%) of patients. For stenoses > 75%, resting ABI 20% was 67% (95% CI: 59-75%) and the sensitivity for a decrease in ankle pressure > 30 mmHg was 4% (95% CI: 2-9%). For individuals with a normal resting ABI but stenotic lesions > 75% confirmed by imaging ( n=49), the addition of exercise ABI testing correctly identified an additional 25% of this population. Overall, exercise ABI