Freiberg MS, Chang CC, Skanderson M, McGinnis K, Kuller LH, Kraemer KL, Rimland D, Goetz MB, Butt AA, Rodriguez Barradas MC, Gibert C, Leaf D, Brown ST, Samet J, Kazis L, Bryant K, Justice AC. The risk of incident coronary heart disease among veterans with and without HIV and hepatitis C. Circulation. Cardiovascular quality and outcomes. 2011 Jul;4(4). 425-32. PMID: 21712519 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC3159506 NIHMSID: NIHMS303974.
Whether hepatitis C virus (HCV) confers additional coronary heart disease (CHD) risk among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected individuals is unclear. Without appropriate adjustment for antiretroviral therapy, CD4 count, and HIV-1 RNA and substantially different mortality rates among those with and without HIV and HCV infection, the association between HIV, HCV, and CHD may be obscured.