Freedman BI, Divers J, Whitlow CT, Bowden DW, Palmer ND, Smith SC, Xu J, Register TC, Carr JJ, Wagner BC, Williamson JD, Sink KM, Maldjian JA. Subclinical Atherosclerosis Is Inversely Associated With Gray Matter Volume in African Americans With Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes care. 2015 Nov;38(38). 2158-65. PMID: 26370382 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC4613911
Relative to European Americans, African Americans manifest lower levels of computed tomography-based calcified atherosclerotic plaque (CP), a measure of subclinical cardiovascular disease (CVD). Potential relationships between CP and cerebral structure are poorly defined in the African American population. We assessed associations among glycemic control, inflammation, and CP with cerebral structure on MRI and with cognitive performance in 268 high-risk African Americans with type 2 diabetes.