Gupta DK, Giugliano RP, Ruff CT, Claggett B, Murphy S, Antman E, Mercuri MF, Braunwald E, Solomon SD. The Prognostic Significance of Cardiac Structure and Function in Atrial Fibrillation: The ENGAGE AF-TIMI 48 Echocardiographic Substudy. Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography : official publication of the American Society of Echocardiography. 2016 Jun;29(29). 537-44. PMID: 27106009 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC4893881 NIHMSID: NIHMS767807.
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is associated with increased risk for thromboembolism and death; however, the relationships between cardiac structure and function and adverse outcomes among individuals with AF are incompletely understood.