White JR, Chang CC, So-Armah KA, Stewart JC, Gupta SK, Butt AA, Gibert CL, Rimland D, Rodriguez-Barradas MC, Leaf DA, Bedimo RJ, Gottdiener JS, Kop WJ, Gottlieb SS, Budoff MJ, Khambaty T, Tindle HA, Justice AC, Freiberg MS. Depression and human immunodeficiency virus infection are risk factors for incident heart failure among veterans: Veterans Aging Cohort Study. Circulation. 2015 Oct 27;132(132). 1630-8. PMID: 26358261 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC4624488 NIHMSID: NIHMS715774.
Both HIV and depression are associated with increased heart failure (HF) risk. Depression, a common comorbidity, may further increase the risk of HF among adults with HIV infection (HIV+). We assessed the association between HIV, depression, and incident HF.