Bachmann JM, DeFina LF, Franzini L, Gao A, Leonard DS, Cooper KH, Berry JD, Willis BL. Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Middle Age and Health Care Costs in Later Life. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2015 Oct 27;66(66). 1876-85. PMID: 26493659 [PubMed]
Low cardiovascular risk factor burdens in middle age are associated with lower health care costs in later life. However, there are few data regarding the effect of cardiorespiratory fitness on health care costs independent of these risk factors.