Monteiro WM, Gomes J, Fé N, Mendonça da Silva I, Lacerda M, Alencar A, Seabra de Farias A, Val F, De Souza Sampaio V, Cardoso de Melo G, Pardal P, Mota da Silva A, Bernarde PS, Carlos de Lima Ferreira L, Gutierrez JM, De Almeida Gonçalves Sachett J, Fan HW. Perspectives and recommendations towards evidence-based health care for scorpion sting envenoming in the Brazilian Amazon: A comprehensive review. Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology. 2019 Nov;169(169). 68-80. PMID: 31494205 [PubMed]
Although underreported across the Amazon region, scorpion stings are very prevalent in some areas and can be potentially life-threatening, especially in children. The most vulnerable populations are those living in locations far from the capitals, hence having limited access to the health system where the appropriate structure for the treatment of severe cases is found. An abundant and diverse fauna of scorpions is found in the region, but few studies have been conducted to decipher the clinical characteristics and therapeutic response of the available antivenoms in envenomings caused by the various species. Antivenom underdosage as well as delayed medical assistance are common among indigenous populations, resulting in poor outcome rates. An in depth understanding of the epidemiological, clinical and therapeutic aspects of scorpion sting envenomings in the Amazon is necessary to improve the outcome of these cases.