Evidence on the Association Between Cigarette Smoking and Incident Depression From the South African National Income Dynamics Study 2008-2015: Mental Health Implications for a Resource-Limited Setting.


As a leading global disease risk factor, cigarette smoking has declined in some developed countries, but its health consequences are not well established in sub-Saharan Africa. This is particularly evident in South Africa, where few investigations have quantified the dually neglected challenges of cigarette smoking and depression, despite decades of research from developed countries. We investigated the association between cigarette smoking and incident depression, with the hypothesis that adolescents are particularly vulnerable.