Sumner SA, Pallangyo AJ, Reddy EA, Maro V, Pence BW, Lynch C, Turner EL, Egger JR, Thielman NM. Effect of free distribution of safety equipment on usage among motorcycle-taxi drivers in Tanzania--A cluster randomised controlled trial. Injury. 2014 Nov;45(45). 1681-6. PMID: 24861418 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC4213314 NIHMSID: NIHMS590691.
Deaths due to road traffic injuries, particularly motorcycle crashes, have increased rapidly in many African nations and context-specific strategies to improve preventative behaviours are needed. Although adhering to conspicuity measures by wearing reflective safety vests is a highly effective crash prevention strategy and mandated by law among motorcycle-taxi drivers in some African countries, actual use is currently low. We aimed to test whether eliminating cost-barriers through the provision of free reflective, fluorescent motorcycle safety vests would lead to increased utilisation among a high-risk population of motorcycle-taxi drivers in Tanzania.