Maze MJ, Biggs HM, Rubach MP, Galloway RL, Cash-Goldwasser S, Allan KJ, Halliday JE, Hertz JT, Saganda W, Lwezaula BF, Cleaveland S, Mmbaga BT, Maro VP, Crump JA. Comparison of the Estimated Incidence of Acute Leptospirosis in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania between 2007-08 and 2012-14. PLoS neglected tropical diseases. 2016 Dec;10(10). e0005165. PMID: 27911902 [PubMed] PMCID: PMC5135036
The sole report of annual leptospirosis incidence in continental Africa of 75-102 cases per 100,000 population is from a study performed in August 2007 through September 2008 in the Kilimanjaro Region of Tanzania. To evaluate the stability of this estimate over time, we estimated the incidence of acute leptospirosis in Kilimanjaro Region, northern Tanzania for the time period 2012-2014.