The increased recognition of the growing, worldwide burden of kidney disease has led to calls for prioritizing nephrology research in a global context. However, many challenges exist for young investigators interested in studying kidney disease in low-resource global settings. A lack of clear research priorities, limited funding options, poor infrastructure, difficulty forming partnerships, and unestablished paths for career advancement are a few examples. To discuss these issues, we held a moderated panel discussion in March 2015 as part of the 10th Conference on Kidney Disease in Disadvantaged Populations in Cape Town, South Africa. A group of senior investigators discussed research priorities for studying kidney disease in a global context, collaborations for clinical research, and strategies for dealing with the unique challenges faced by young investigators working in this field.